The K-Innovation ODA Program aims to strengthen capacity building of each partner country in developing and piloting initiatives to address those partner countries’ involvement in implementing the project, specifically for promoting the project’s goals and visions. The K-Innovation ODA Program’s professional and academic experiences in generating strategies have led the Kingdom of Cambodia (Cambodia) project to establish national strategies and technology roadmaps.
This is the 2nd year of the phase 2 project of K-Innovation with Cambodia. The phase 1 project was done from 2018 to 2019 with the title of ‘Policy Consultation on National STI Policy Development and STI System Management for Cambodia's Policymakers’. Through the 1st year of the phase 2 project in 2020, it was recognized that the project created meaningful outcomes despite the COVID-19 restrictions. Based on the experiences and lessons learned from the first year, the project’s second year was effectively conducted utilizing online meetings and supports from local institutions in Cambodia. In addition to the way the project is operated, STEPI and Ministry of Industry, Science, Technology & Innovation (MISTI) of the Royal Government of Cambodia made a service contract to develop the first national technology roadmap of Cambodia.
The consultation process for the project had the following activities explained below:
As in the first year, the whole process of the 2nd phase of the project was conducted online due to the rapid spread of the COVID-19. Since direct face-to-face activities were restricted in both countries, the kick-off meeting, contract signing process & ceremony, and a training workshop were convened online and using e-mail.
The contracts were signed in early October. MISTI selected three local institutions from government organizations and academia based on the STI field. MISTI’s main activities were organizing and operating national TRM committees for 3 selected technologies. Main roles of each committee are as follows: 1) Elaborating and identifying the scope of selected technologies, 2) developing TRM for each selected technology based on the guidelines of STEPI, 3) collecting opinions from interested groups and building a consensus on the developed TRM, and 4) finalizing TRM and submitting the report. MISTI also designated principal institutes and a project manager (PM) for each technology roadmap (TRM) for the contract with STEPI.
The training workshop was convened in October 2021, and Korean experts reviewed the draft version of the roadmap shared by three local organizations and provided relevant feedback. The roadmap covered three technologies which are agricultural, educational, and healthcare related. The following conference of the workshop took place virtually online in December 2021 for the final version of the roadmap. Those three reports were finalized and submitted in late December after a review of the first draft of those reports with Korean experts. The main outputs of the reports establish a technology development strategy that can be considered a national policy plan for the fostering of the relevant experts and government officials.
There were a lot of barriers due to the COVID-19 pandemic and the Omicron variant, but we were able to accomplish more than expected. Firstly, three national technology roadmaps of Cambodia were developed. Agricultural, educational, and health technologies were selected as the strategic roadmaps with three more technologies planned to be announced in 2022. Moreover, both Korea and Cambodia have accumulated experience for exploring a ‘more effective and safer’ ODA project specifically in the COVID-19 pandemic era.
Finally, overall project efficiency and effectiveness was identified throughout the project process. MSITI and other two institutions planned the budget of each activity and also established technology roadmaps which can serve as a stepping stone for designing, implementing, and monitoring the STI field.
Chapter 1. Project Overview
Chapter 2. Capacity-Building Process
Chapter 3. STI Policies of Cambodia
Chapter 4. STI Roadmap of Cambodia
Chapter 5. Conclusion