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연구보고서 2020 K-Innovation ODA Program with Vietnam

요약 탭컨텐츠

The Vietnamese government has emphasized science, technology, and innovation (STI) as the most important keys for implementing the SocioEconomic Development Strategy (SEDS) 2011-2020 plan and realizing sustainable growth. Vietnam has relatively good STI capacity and human resources among ASEAN countries. Unfortunately, however, Vietnam’s STI capacity is still lower than that of other developed countries. In this regard, the Vietnamese government needs a strategic approach to STI policies based on scientific methodologies such as technology foresight, given the limited resources and capacity.


Based on the confirmation and acceptance of the project proposal submitted by NISTPASS (currently VISTI), the Korean government affirmed support for Vietnam in making faster progress toward achieving Vietnam’s STI development goals through the K-Innovation ODA program “Policy Consultation on Strengthening the Capacity of Foresight for Science, Technology, and Innovation (STI) Strategic Planning in Vietnam 2019-2020." 


The Project aims to strengthen the capacity of key agencies and institutions of the Ministry of Science and Technology in the strategic planning for Vietnam’s STI. The scope of the Project has been defined based on Vietnam’s STI policy priorities and the lessons learned from the Korean experiences in national STI policies and technology foresight. Accordingly, the Project framework includes the following: i) review of Vietnam’s national STI strategies and technology foresight experiences; ii) research on the Korean experiences in technology foresight and national STI strategies; iii) local workshops for the diagnosis of Vietnam’s technology foresight capacities and for the consensus on the policy consultation’s direction and contents; iv) capacity building workshop with technical training programs to enhance the technology foresight capacity of Vietnamese government officials and experts; and v) development of implementation plan for technology foresight by VISTI and review process by STEPI and Korean experts


At the kick-off meeting for the first year with VISTI, the objectives and scope of the Project were discussed. STEPI and VISTI discussed further specific action plans and agreed on the project programs and activities. During the workshop on national future strategy and technology foresight, the researchers of both counterparts shared insights on Korea’s S&T strategic planning and its implications on Vietnam’s capacity for national STI policy and technology foresight. Based on the lessons learned from the workshop and the consensus on the Project activities, VISTI and Vietnamese experts are expected to be able to design the framework of the technology foresight exercise.


The research team suggested implications and recommendations on how to develop Vietnam’s capacity for national STI strategy and technology foresight. Vietnam is a fastgrowing developing country. However, most found that policy considerations are needed to boost productivity and increase competitiveness for sustainable growth. There are also  several crucial challenges that should be tackled such as the polarization, transportation problems, and environmental problems that occur during the rapid growth of Vietnam. Among many policy priorities, continuous investment in and political support for STI are important, since it is a major driving force for economic growth. Our findings on Vietnam’s policy characteristics indicated that a considerable part of Vietnam’s governance adopted the top-down policy design and relatively weak monitoring and evaluation system. Reflecting these characteristics of Vietnam and realizing its future development require establishing national science and technology innovation strategis. Remarkably, technology foresight is an important methodology available in this process. Vietnam should explore its own growth path through the technology foresight. In this regard, it is important to develop Vietnam's own technology foresight methodology by applying the implications from the Korean experience to the Vietnamese environment and characteristics. Limitations as well as policy implications are further discussed.


목차 탭컨텐츠

□ Vietnam

Chapter 1. Project Overview

Chapter 2. STI Policy and Technology Foresight  in Vietnam

Chapter 3. Sharing Korea’s Experiences in Science and Technology Planning and  Technology Foresight

Chapter 4. Capacity Development Process

Chapter 5.  Conclusion


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